This campaign continued till April 1797. The campaign is reviewed in the words – ‘He came, he saw and he won’ (he came, he saw he conquered). In Heijn’s words, “Bonaparte’s first Italian campaign was a superlative campaign from the military point of view – an ideal paradigm for the art of war. As part of this military campaign, Napoleon, with 35,000 enthusiastic French troops, marched towards the Alps Mountains. There they encountered the combined armies of Austria and Saudinia; There were about 70,000 men in this army, Napoleon’s army was not only half in comparison to the enemies, but also not fully equipped, but Napoleon’s military tact and skill overshadowed the opposition forces. Napoleon did not give the troops of Austria and Sadinia an opportunity to organize and made a policy to fight them on different fronts. He first defeated the Austrian troops and drove him to the east, then he turned to the west and defeated Sardinia and advanced to the capital of Sardinia, Turin.
Sardinia panicked and made a treaty with Napoleon, and accordingly France was given services and the province of Nice. Napoleon then focused his attention on the Austrian army, crossing the Po River, and Napoleon’s armies reached forward, but the Austrian armies went behind the river Adda. This river could only be crossed by the Lodi Bridge, and on the other side of the bridge the Austrian army laid a net of cannons, but Bonaparte did not lose courage. He ordered his army to cross the bridge and, regardless of his own life, began to move forward and, not caring about the fire of Austrian cannons, Napoleon’s forces went ahead and captured the cannons of Austria. In the words of Bonaparte himself, ‘In all the activities carried out by the troops under my leadership, the dangerous path of the Lodi Bridge cannot be compared to anyone.’ In the face of death, the tremendous boldness with which Napoleon achieved the victory Thi, he made him a role model among his soldiers; He fondly called Napoleon now ‘The Little Corporal’. The Austrian forces retreated and hid in the fortress of Mantua. On 16 May 1796
Napoleon captured the city of Milan. But to reach Vienna, it was necessary to control Mantua. On the other hand, Austrian forces knew very well that if Mantua
If he gets out of his hands, his authority over Italy will end.
Napoleon’s armies surrounded the fortress of Mantua. In the next eight months, between June 1796 and January 1797, Austria sent troops four times to save the fortress of Mantua, but each time they were defeated by Napoleon’s military skills. Napoleon’s armies attacked quickly, defeating Austrian troops in a divided state.
Napoleon’s soldiers used to say, ‘These are our legs that lead us to victory in war’ January, 1797
In the Battle of Rivoli in the middle of the century, Bonaparte’s armies defeated Austria, two weeks later.
Napoleon’s authority on the fort of Mantua was moving from the Alps ranges when Napoleon
Reached Leoben, which was 100 miles from Viana, Austria surrendered to the settlement
gave. Napoleon’s star was now at its height, during his twelve-month stay in northern Italy, the French fought eighteen major and sixty-five small wars. As a result of victory in these wars, about 3 crores
The government of Paris benefited from Frank’s funds. In addition, ancient and modern Italy
Around 300 important works of art were also sent to Parisian museums.
During Italy’s military campaign, Napoleon acted as if he were the state’s
Be prominent. He did many things in his own way without consulting the directory. He made small-
Some of the smaller independent states were formed into new units on their own volition. He of Geno
The Republic was converted into the Ligurin Republic by drafting the republican constitution of France. Napoleon also took some of his kingdoms from the pope. Napoleon also captured the Republic of Venice, which was one of the oldest and most glorious states of Europe. Napoleon established a new ‘Cisalpine Republic’ by linking the land acquired from the states of the Pope and Venice with the city of Milan. In Austria, Napoleon kings also started their own court like the Maharajas.
On 17 October 1797, Austria signed the Treaty of Campo Formio with France.
Formio). Accordingly, Austria gave the territory of Lombardy and Belgium to France. France gave it the territory of Venice. The area on the left bank of the Rhine river was occupied by France. Was considered
For the Italians, Napoleon emerged as a great man who brought him to Austria
Liberated from autocracy and ancient feudalism. On the other hand, a lot of money received from the victors in war
Napoleon strengthened his position there by sending him to France. Most gifts from defeated enemies
He distributed among his soldiers, thus retaining his magical influence over them.
At the age of 28, Bonaparte became the national hero of France. Accelerating its popularity