Top 04 Renaissance in art
The art of Renaissance era painting, sculpture, architecture and music shows a sense of rejection and rebellion against the roots and meditative trends of the medieval period, and new enthusiasm for marking the simple, natural and vibrant sensations of human life is visible. . In the medieval period, the soul of art was subdued in the rigid instructive molds of the Christian Church. The art at that time was intended to propagate religious teachings, as directed by the organized church; The very serious and lifeless marking of Christian saints and Maryam was done in this period, the art of identity was broken by the reality of life.
In the Renaissance era, art was not free from religious themes, but the presentation and style of art reflected the real and natural elements of life. Like literature, humanistic consciousness also emerged in art. Inspiration was taken from ancient classical honors of art. One of the main features of Renaissance art was the vibrant, bias-free and natural marking of the natural beauty of life.
(01) Renaissance in painting
In the Renaissance period, the maximum creation of painting took place in Italy and the Italian sentiments of the Renaissance era were also expressed in the strongest form by the painters of Italy. The remnants of the painting of ancient Greece and Rome were very few, so the painters could not find a definite classical ideal; In this emptiness, he got the opportunity to create originality and innovation.
By the end of the thirteenth century, Italian painting was in complete control of the Byzantine art tradition,
Consisting of inanimate iterations of traditional religious themes, often done in the form of frescoes on the large walls of churches, the realistic put in the illustration began by Simebue (1240–1302) and two Italian painters named Piette Cavelino (late thirteenth century) , But the widespread and influential use of realism in painting was first made by Geotto (1276–1337), who is considered the pioneer of the new tradition of painting. In his paintings, real experiences of life are marked. A story about him is famous that he portrayed a fly so realistically that his mentor, Simbeybu, thought of it as a real fly and flew away by hand.
Notable names among the early painters of the Renaissance era are (i) Fr Angelico (1387–1455) who presented the background of the paintings more realistically; (ii) Masekio (1401–1428), who tried to portray the facial expressions and the protuberances of the human arms as true and to make the shape of objects depicted using light-shadow more clear; (iii) Castegno (1390 1457) portrayed the human body full of energy and energy, with the emergence of muscles, in real terms; (iv) Fr Philippo Lippi (1406–1469) made the subject of folklore the subject of his paintings for the first time, (v) Benzo Gozzoli (1420–1497) also took images of images from nature and the surrounding life; And (vi) the portraits of Cendro Botticelli (1444–1510) are noted for their artistic excellence and realistic depictions of contemporary life.
In the high and developed period of the Renaissance, Italy had three painters who made revolutionary contributions to the development of new paintings. These are three famous painters: Leonardo the Vinci (1452–1519), Raphael (1483–1520) and Michelangelo (1475–1564). Leonardo the Vinci (1452–1519) was rich in a multidimensional personality; Along with being an artist, he was also a poet, philosopher, architect, musician, scientist and engineer. Leonard has two well-known artefacts (paintings): ‘The Last Supper’ (last supper) and ‘Monalisa’ (a woman).
The painting called ‘The Last Supper’ (Last Supper) is considered to be an extremely masterpiece of the Renaissance era and Leonard’s masterpiece. In this work, one can see the beautiful squeeze of the experiments going on in the field of art since the last two centuries. In this picture, on the occasion of Christ’s supper, Jesus is announcing to his companions that one of them is going to betray them. The facial expressions of Jesus Christ are pacific and stable, but all his companions have different expressions on their faces. Leondo has portrayed them all very lively. This picture is a live drama. Leonard made many innovative experiments in his paintings regarding the colors and styles of illustration; Before illustration, he used to study the subject matter and the art of its presentation like a scientist.
A beautiful ratio of light and shadow is seen in his paintings. He used to organize people in his paintings in a triangular manner. He studied and presented various parts of the human body. He also did it very subtly but the biggest feature of Leonards is that he has made his person-pictures full of emotional beauty. ; He considered woman to be the basis of emotional beauty, and in her paintings, the marking of plants, flowers, rocks and various parts of the body is done with layered softness. The second painting ‘Monalisa’ by Leonardo da Vinci is an invaluable treasure in the world of art. Monalisa is a portrait in which Leonaddos portrays Monalisa, the young wife of a man named Giocondo, who often sported a slight smile or smile on his face. Leonard same smile or smile